Or how to keep server-side state without an actual DB...

So you're working on this side-project (perhaps even a weekend-project?), you deployed your frontend to Netlify or something similarly straightforward, and now you're thinking about adding a backend?

Unfortunately, while deploying a bunch of static files is super easy - and nowadays, very often free of charge - deploying a backend is a little bit more involved. Most of the time I use something like Heroku, because it's very convenient, and follows the same "deploy-on-push" philosophy that's become standard lately.

Most of my side-projects don't really care about actual data persistence; I don't need user accounts, sso, databases, etc, and I don't mind losing all my data - because there's no data to begin with! 😁

But what if you want to share state between clients? Maybe you're creating a multiplayer video game that requires server-side logic (that's my use-case)? To be honest, I'm not entirely sure what you would want to do and why people need a database for in their side-projects, but I'm sure there are other legit use-cases! 😃

I've always found this hard to deal with, because you have to:

So here I am, writing my own in-memory database: js-db! 🎉

What is it?

JavaScript objects, plain and simple. Nothing more! Yeah, I know, it's very god-class, but it suits my needs: have a server side record of what's going on between two clients, while they are connected.

Nothing fancy, really:

// register a collection
register("users");

// magically appears on the global `db` object,
// so you can insert a new object in `users`
db.users.insert({ name: "John" });

// get the record
const user = db.users.findOne({ name: "John" });
console.log(user);
// { name: "John" }

Let's just have a super quick look at what's available (at the time of writing!)

You might have noticed that I've shamelessly stolen some of MongoDB's syntax; it's not a coincidence! While I absolutely see the limitations of NOSQL, and I usually much prefer good ol' SQL, MongoDB's query syntax is very nice when dealing with JSON-like objects.

Features and limitations

Dot-notation

I've implemented very basic support for nested properties, using the usual dot-notation:

register("users");
db.users.insert({ name: "John" });

db.users.update({ name: "John" }, { $set: { "address.city": "Melbourne" } });
const users = db.users.find();
// [{ name: "John", address: { city: "Melbourne" }}]

const user = db.users.findOne({ "address.city": "Melbourne" });
// [{ name: "John", address: { city: "Melbourne" }}]

Have a look at the tests

Available as an npm module, but also in the browser

If you (for some obscure reason 😁) want to use this pseudo database in the browser, you can! I actually publish an UMD module, so something like this would work:

<html>
<head>
<script src="https://unpkg.com/@tducasse/js-db/dist/umd/js-db.js"></script>
<script>
// the script is exported as 'jsdb'
jsdb.register("users");
jsdb.db.users.insert({ name: "name" });
const user = jsdb.db.users.findOne();
console.log(user.name);
// "name"
</script>
</head>
</html>

Init helpers

Seed your own init data:

const items = {
users: [{ name: "John" }, { name: "Joe" }],
cities: [{ name: "Paris" }],
};

seed(items);

const users = db.users.find();
// [{ name: "John" }, { name: "Joe" }]
const cities = db.cities.find();
// [{ name: "Paris" }]

Reset the whole db with db.reset()

Performance

Nope, I don't care about this. It's for side projects, if I wanted actual performance, I would just use an actual database!

Things I use it with...

Create your own database shell

I would not say this is 100% supported, but I use it:

// start a socket on 1337, somewhere in your code
net
.createServer((socket) => {
const r = repl.start({
prompt: "js-db>",
input: socket,
output: socket,
terminal: true,
preview: false,
});
// share the `db` object with the socket
r.context.db = db;
})
.listen(1337);

// in `cli.js`
import net from "net";

const sock = net.connect(1337);

process.stdin.pipe(sock);
sock.pipe(process.stdout);

process.stdin.on("data", (b) => {
if (b.length === 1 && b[0] === 4) {
process.stdin.emit("end");
}
});
// in package.json
{
"scripts:
// I use esm, but you get the idea
"cli": "node -r esm cli.js"
}

It allows me to just fire a shell on the side, and access the database live. But this was a bit fiddly, so I ended up building an admin interface, using websockets.

WebSockets

I won't include the example here because it's quite long (let me know if you're interested and I'll do a proper write-up though) but, using websockets, I've built an admin interface to keep an eye on the database in realtime. It's not great security-wise (it's terrible, really!), but again side-projects, so who cares? It beats having to properly enter debug-mode or writing 10 console.log() statement to see what's going on 😬.

Also noteworthy: this was built as a backend for a video game built in Godot - again, using websockets. If you want more info on this, let me know and I'll write someting up 😀.

But enough paraphrasing the README, I think you get the idea!